关于伦敦音Cockney

维舍斯✖卑鄙香波 2011-08-12 19:31:14

这两天看Cockney口音的图又被各种推,发些原来看过的教程,附视频。

关于Cockney的介绍,以下资料源自网络。

  Cockney是伦敦东部的一个区,那里讲的英语就被称为Cockney English,当然现在已经不是特指那一个地区了。伦敦腔其实还有一个名字,叫作,嗯,伦敦土腔。在网上搜索cockney accent相关影视的时候,一定会先看到一个叫做My Fair Lady,讲的就是一个cockneygirl的改造过程,其中重头就是口音,从cockney变成RP,才能有进入上层社会的可能。谁让伦敦东部早期是贫民窟呢,所以cockney所代表的身份就是社会底层人民。当然那是多年前啦,不过即使现在RP也还是良好教育的标志。如果让你听上一段非常典型的cockneyaccent,十有八九你也会认为。

      Cockney English一个很明显的特点是吞音,比如单词开头的h被dropped:him---'im, have-‘ave, 看片时留意的话会发现h吞音的单词在英文字幕中也有体现;在TV里面t吞音更常见,你是否听过有人大喊ge(t) ou(t) 涅,注意,和爆破音不一样的。

      还有th的发音,比如/θ/ 变成了/f/,/ð/变成了v,thin变成了fin,with听起来是wiv等等。

       此外元音也有变化。常见的双元音/ei/听起来像

这两天看Cockney口音的图又被各种推,发些原来看过的教程,附视频。

关于Cockney的介绍,以下资料源自网络。

  Cockney是伦敦东部的一个区,那里讲的英语就被称为Cockney English,当然现在已经不是特指那一个地区了。伦敦腔其实还有一个名字,叫作,嗯,伦敦土腔。在网上搜索cockney accent相关影视的时候,一定会先看到一个叫做My Fair Lady,讲的就是一个cockneygirl的改造过程,其中重头就是口音,从cockney变成RP,才能有进入上层社会的可能。谁让伦敦东部早期是贫民窟呢,所以cockney所代表的身份就是社会底层人民。当然那是多年前啦,不过即使现在RP也还是良好教育的标志。如果让你听上一段非常典型的cockneyaccent,十有八九你也会认为。

      Cockney English一个很明显的特点是吞音,比如单词开头的h被dropped:him---'im, have-‘ave, 看片时留意的话会发现h吞音的单词在英文字幕中也有体现;在TV里面t吞音更常见,你是否听过有人大喊ge(t) ou(t) 涅,注意,和爆破音不一样的。

      还有th的发音,比如/θ/ 变成了/f/,/ð/变成了v,thin变成了fin,with听起来是wiv等等。

       此外元音也有变化。常见的双元音/ei/听起来像/ai/,这一点很像澳大利亚口音;如果ei后面还有个鼻音,那听着就更明显了,比如change,总之感觉这个音口型做的很大,很费劲的样子。而有些音却往回收的感觉,比如/æ/听起来接近/e/这个音。
 
      好在我们平时看片不会听到那么重的cockney accent,毕竟很多在剧中讲cockney的演员都不是cockney。基本上就是吞音和/ei/这个音比较典型,其他则因人而异。
      大家熟悉的片子比如有朋友提到的Doctor Who,(自从CE变身为DT之后讲了几句话开始,我就一直为Doctor没能回归CE的口音而耿耿于怀),虽然Rose,Donna理论上都讲的是cockney,基本还挺好懂的,个人觉得Donna的重些。有人说Rose的口音是伪cockneyaccent,而Donna则over了。我就记得有Doctor死掉的那一集里面Donna回骂街头某人时的那一段,我真的一个词都没听出来……

       许多古典剧中都会有cockney的角色,基本上可以把古典剧简化为cockney和RP两种口音——阶级特征嘛~比如我刚看了集Bleak House,里面的Mr Guppy,还有胖胖的房东,几个孤儿,都是在模仿Cockney。

       必须要提的是Little Britain,那里面的口音真是五花八门,这帖子恐怕得常从其中取材了。不过两个主演的多数角色还是讲的cockeny,比如推轮椅和坐轮椅的。

PS:看过IT CROWD的朋友会记的其中有一集是Moss模仿Cockney,Jen问他脖子怎么了,M答憋伦敦音憋的。学英音应该都有这种感觉,发音靠后,靠喉咙发声,美语就很轻松了发声明显靠前。

附个视频 http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMjExNzI0NjYw.html

文本:
how to do a cockney accent

      Hello I'm Gareth Jameson I'm an actor and a voice coach from www.londonvoicelesson.com and here's some tips for working on your voice.

      Now the key to any accent is to isolate the specific sounds that occur in that accent now when we're talking about a cockney accent we're actually going to talk about an accent that's more general to the southeast of England and east London then term cockney refers very specifically to be in a very particular part in London but this is more general.


      Now the first sound we'll look at is the sound you get with the letters "th" for together normally you pronounce "thh" with the tongue sticking out but for the cockney accent we'll do it slightly differently listen to this sentence "this maths thing is a lot of bother" "this maths thing is a lot of bother" notice the "th" at the beginning of the of the word "this" has changed to a "d" "dis maths thing" and then in the word "maths" and "thing" it's become "thhh" "dis maths thing" and finally in the word "bother" it's become like a "v" sound "bover" "dis maths thing is a lot bover" .

 

      Notice also at the end of that phrase we've got the word "bother" now normally we end that with a very small mouth "bother" but now we're going to make much bigger "bover" much wider with the same with "mother" "bu'er" .


      "bu'er" "butter" is a good word to show you another feature of the cockney accent something called the "glottal stop" now we need a "t" sound especially at the ends of words or in the middle between two vowels and we're going to replace it with something called a "glottal stop" this is the same sound you get in the word "uh-oh" so if you want to learn how to do your glottal stop give me a few "uh-oh" and get that sound in the middle "uh-oh" that is where you put in "bu'er" "bu'er" "be'er" "le'er" try this little sentence "that is wha'a lo'a bother" "wha'a lo'a bother" "wha'a" "lo'a" notice that it's very wide "mother""bother". Very good.

 
      Now another vowel that we're going to work on is the "i" vowel now when I say "like" or "fine" i've got a wide mouth but we're going to go much deeper now "like" it's almost like the "oi" in "oil" "like" "like" so we get "i like nice tights" that's "i like nice tights" becomes "i like nice tigh's" notice again that glottal stop at the end of tights. finally the "hour" sound if you've ever seen my fair lady this is the typical allies to do sound we say "how" "now" "brown" "cow" but the cockney accent is "ah" "ah" "nah" "bran" "cah" to get this really right you need to drop off those "h" sounds from the beginning as well so you don't say "hah" you say "ah" "nah" "bran" "cah" you'll be fitting into these in no time.
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维舍斯✖卑鄙香波
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