MIECZYSŁAW WEINBERG (1919-1996)
Fantasia for Cello and Orchestra, Op. 52
Flute Concerto No 2, Op. 148
Flute Concerto No. 1, Op. 75
Clarinet Concerto, Op. 104
Claes Gunnarsson (cello) Anders Jonhäll (flute) Urban Claesson (clarinet)
Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra / Thord Svedlund
Much neglected until recently, the Polish-born Mieczysław Weinberg is now finding his rightful place in the pantheon of great twentieth-century composers, with a substantial increase in recordings and performances of his works. Our series of symphonies has contributed significantly to this reappraisal, and Chandos now adds four of his concertos to its catalogue. Weinberg’s music is full of orchestral colour and rhythmic energy. Shostakovich was his most important influence, and a close friend, describing him as ‘one of the most outstanding composers of the present day’. His music is reminiscent of Shostakovich’s, but with strong elements of Jewish folk music and klezmer.
The four works recorded here cover his middle and late period, after Weinberg had escaped from Nazi-controlled Poland and settled in the Soviet Union. He was in a deeply troubled state, having lost much of his family in the Holocaust, and his association with some of the finest conductors and instrumental virtuosos of the country was to prove a vital source of moral support; all four works were written with such friends in mind. The Fantasia for Cello and Orchestra was composed in 1951 – 53 and dedicated to the composer Yuri Levitin, a pupil of Shostakovich and one of Weinberg’s closest friends. Completed at the very beginning of the post-Stalin thaw, it displays a relaxed, tuneful style, with wonderful melodies of folk-like character. The virtuosic Concerto for Flute and String Orchestra, composed in 1961, is dedicated to the famous flautist Alexander Korneyev. Its comparatively dark mood relates it to Nielsen’s Flute Concerto. Complementing these works are two fascinating discoveries. Weinberg left writing a Second Flute Concerto until much later; in fact, it was one of his last compositions. Dating from 1987 and also dedicated to Korneyev, it here receives its world premiere recording. Its style is quite different from that of the first Concerto, more classical, rather in the manner of Richard Strauss. Its first known performance was given in 2001, with the present soloist and conductor. The Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra, composed in 1970 and also receiving its first recording, confirms the affinity for the instrument that Weinberg had shown throughout his career. David Fanning calls it ‘a gem of a work awaiting discovery’.
Thord Svedlund, a passionate devotee of Weinberg, makes an ideal champion of these works. Here he conducts the Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, with key principals, each renowned in his own right, performing the solo parts.
Chandos SACD CHSA5064