Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: French Suites, Overture

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Glenn Gould / 古典 / 07 February, 1995

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组曲,是将可以独立又互有联系的几首乐曲组合为一个整体。那时的组曲通常由四种舞曲组成:
(1)阿列曼德舞曲,4/4拍子,多为沉稳的情绪。
(2)库兰特舞曲,活泼的3/4拍子。
(3)萨拉班德舞曲,也是3/4拍,但缓慢、凝重,常有悲哀的意味。
(4)吉格舞曲,是非常快的三拍子。除这四个基本部分外,还可加入加伏特舞曲(中速,4/4)、小步舞曲(典雅的3/4拍)、布列舞曲(快速的四拍子,总是从弱拍开始)。这些不同的节拍、速度、性格互为对比,但各组内的各曲,调性都是一致的。例如第一首是E大调,所有各曲则都用E大调。至于《法国组曲》为什么叫“法国”?据说是因为组合方式、音乐风格都有法国风格的影响。但本质上,还是德国音乐。凡是学过一段钢琴的,都弹过我们通常称为“小巴赫”的那本书,那里有几首就是选自《法国组曲》的,如第23首:这是第五首G大调《法国组曲》中的第4曲,《加伏特舞曲》。明快、优美而又典雅。乐曲综合了复调与和声两种手法。再如第24首《小步舞曲》,是第六首《法国组曲》中的第7曲。
这套法国组曲是巴赫为第二任妻子安娜而写,充满了温柔和甜蜜。这套法国组曲中,第四号是最意境美丽的,第五号是最脍炙人口的,第六号是最欢快的。以下是我从美丽元素中找到的一篇乐评,虽然我对其观点有保留,但觉得有助于欣赏这部作品。所以转过来:听Gould先生的“法国组曲”仿佛又一次体验了那时的生活,每次听的时候,他那清新而自由的风格都深沉地打动了我。我最喜欢的是第六首组曲,但放下我的喜好不提,大家都知道他是一个非常有才华的艺术家,非常的真诚,深深地了解自己在演奏什么,必须演奏到什么样的水平。他对巴赫作品的深切了解和掌握使得他在演奏时深深的溶入其中,这是你在其他人的演奏中很难找到的。Gould先生演奏的巴赫超过了所有的人,他的演奏随着旋律起伏,而旋律又随着乐章起伏,这就是为什么巴赫的作品在Gould先生手下显得那么自然,那么富有诗意。你可能会被被这些组曲不同的演奏方式所吸引,浪漫的、激情的、解析的,但Gould先生的演奏则会让你回味无穷……

Glenn Gould Edition - Bach: French Suites, Overture的曲目列表

• Suite No. 1 in D minor, BWV 812: I. Allemande
• Suite No. 1 in D minor, BWV 812: II. Courante
• Suite No. 1 in D minor, BWV 812: III. Sarabande
• Suite No. 1 in D minor, BWV 812: IV. Menuett I
• Suite No. 1 in D minor, BWV 812: V. Menuett II
• Suite No. 1 in D minor, BWV 812: VI. Gigue
• Suite No. 2 in C minor, BWV 813: I. Allemande
• Suite No. 2 in C minor, BWV 813: II. Courante
• Suite No. 2 in C minor, BWV 813: III. Sarabande
• Suite No. 2 in C minor, BWV 813: IV. Air
• Suite No. 2 in C minor, BWV 813: V. Menuett
• Suite No. 2 in C minor, BWV 813: VI. Gigue
• Suite No. 3 in B minor, BWV 814: I. Allemande
• Suite No. 3 in B minor, BWV 814: II. Courante
• Suite No. 3 in B minor, BWV 814: III. Sarabande
• Suite No. 3 in B minor, BWV 814: IV. Menuett -- Trio
• Suite No. 3 in B minor, BWV 814: V. Anglaise
• Suite No. 3 in B minor, BWV 814: VI. Gigue
• Suite No. 4 in E-Flat major, BWV 815: I. Allemande
• Suite No. 4 in E-Flat major, BWV 815: II. Courante
• Suite No. 4 in E-Flat major, BWV 815: III. Sarabande
• Suite No. 4 in E-Flat major, BWV 815: IV. Menuett (BWV 815a)
• Suite No. 4 in E-Flat major, BWV 815: V. Gavotte
• Suite No. 4 in E-Flat major, BWV 815: VI. Air
• Suite No. 4 in E-Flat major, BWV 815: VII. Gigue
• Suite No. 5 in G major, BWV 816: I. Allemande
• Suite No. 5 in G major, BWV 816: II. Courante
• Suite No. 5 in G major, BWV 816: III. Sarabande
• Suite No. 5 in G major, BWV 816: IV. Gavotte
• Suite No. 5 in G major, BWV 816: V. Bourree
• Suite No. 5 in G major, BWV 816: VI. Loure
• Suite No. 5 in G major, BWV 816: VII. Gigue
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: I. Allemande
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: II. Courante
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: III. Sarabande
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: IV. Gavotte
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: V. Polonaise
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: VI. Menuett
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: VII. Bourree
• Suite No. 6 in E major, BWV 817: VIII. Gigue
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: I.Ouverture
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: II. Courante
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: III. Gavotte I
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: IV. Gavotte II - Gavotte I da capo
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: V. Passepied I
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: VI. Passepied II - Passepied I da capo
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: VII. Sarabande
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: VIII. Bourree I
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: XI. Bourree II - Bourree I da capo
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: X. Gigue
• Overture in French Style, BWV831: XI. Echo
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