美丽人生 美丽人生 9.5分


2018-05-09 看过

Life is beautiful is a Italian comedy-drama film directed by and starring Roberto Benigni. The film talks about the main character, Guido, a Jewish Italian bookshop owner,employing his fertile imagination to shield his son from the horrors of the Internment in a Nazi concentration camp. I don’t want to mention about how great the paternal love Guido is. Since there are so many articles related to that, if you want, just go and find it. What I want to appreciate is the great and simple artistry— using comedy to portray the miserable board environment lying behind the warm story. There were different sound toward this film, tough it won a big success. It offended some left-wing critics with its humor in connection with the Holocaust. Some people noted that Roberto Benigni, the director is Gentile and no family die in concentration camps. History is serious and they “change”the fact. According to these, they criticized this film shooting in a comedic way is the disrespect to the people who died in the Nazi concentration camps. From my perspective, I held another totally different opinion. To begin with, I would like to share my view toward whom spoke negative to the film. What I want to tell them is that, the reason why they think in that way is that they were lacked of understanding of this film. First and foremost, this film is not totally fictive in that the story is based on that father Luigi Benigni, who was a member of the Italian Army after Italy switched to the Allied side in 1943. Luigi Benigni spent two years in a Nazi labour camp, and to avoid scaring his children, told about his experiences humorously,finding this helped him cope. Benigni stated he wished to commemorate the man who wished to live in the right way. Besides that ,we cannot ignore some details in the process of the film, maybe the people misunderstood director miss that unconsciously . In the beginning of the film, some people broke into uncle’s house but uncle just stood up and said they are rude men. In Dora’s engagement party, uncle’s horse was printed into green color with insulting words- Jewish horse. When it came to the bookshop, we found the door was printed in that way as well. Even some shops putting a board writing“Jewish and dogs are not allowed”. They did,tough just a little movie scene describing implicitly, afford us a glimpse of of the background of Holocaust. The film is not meas to be funny, it just finds the right notes to negotiate its delicate subject. Compared with other films talking about Holocaust in depressed tone, this film, with a great and simple artistry, through Benigni’s sentimental fantasy, diminishes the suffering of Holocaust victims. And the same time, it memorizes the powers of imagination, innocence, and love in the most harrowing of circumstances. Roberto Benigni has explained his philosophy,“to laugh and to cry comes from the same point of soul, no ? I’m a storyteller: the crux of the matter is to reach beauty, it doesn’t matter if that is comedy or tragedy. They’re the same if you reach the beauty.” 《美丽人生》是由罗伯托·贝尼尼自导自演的一部喜剧电影。电影讲述了由贝尼尼饰演的男主,一个开了一家书店的犹太籍意大利人,圭多,运用自己的想象力编造了一个善意的谎言,以免遭德国纳粹集中营对儿子造成心理阴影,以此来保护儿子乔舒亚的童心,。 这里我不想对圭多父爱多么伟大做过多阐述,网上有很多文章关于这方面写得很好,如果想了解,不妨去搜索看看。这里我想抛开电影极力描写的圭多的乐观,品味那一个个笑背后其实是让人无奈又悲哀的德国纳粹阴霾笼罩的时代大背景。 虽然电影取得了巨大成功,但是其实也不乏其他的声音。电影它用幽默与大屠杀相联系,冒犯了一些左翼评论家。有些人认为罗伯托·贝尼尼不是犹太人,而且也没有任何一个家人在集中营死去,而历史是严肃的,不容虚造的。据此,他们他这种行为是对历史对在纳粹集中营中死去的人的的不尊重。 我并不这么认为并持着相反的意见。对于这些人的批评我只能用他们对电影不够了解来理解。首先,电影的内容并不是贝尼尼完全虚构想象出来的,是内尼尼通过两个故事结合一起改编而成的。因为贝尼尼的父亲曾经在意大利军队服役,被排遣到盟军方作战,并在那边劳改营待了两年之久,为了避免吓到他孩子,他吧这一段经历通过幽默的经历讲述,也发现这种方式能够让他释怀。除此之外还有另外一个人的故事,贝尼尼表示他想通过这种方式是纪念缅怀那些想活出自己人生方式的人。 除了电影的制作背景的了解较少之外,我认为那些批评电影不够严肃的人可能在无意识之间忽略了一些虽然镜头很少,但却很重要。首先是电影刚刚开始,圭多从乡下到达叔叔家时,叔叔家闯进了几个人,叔叔摔倒后站起来并没有报警,只是说了句“只不过是粗鲁的人罢了”;电影镜头到了多拉订婚晚宴时,我们不难主义到叔叔的马被涂上了绿色的颜料,并写着“犹太马”以表示羞辱。如果到了这里你还没有明显感受到犹太人受歧视的严峻的大背景,我只能说大概是圭多很多积极乐观的解释让你不小心忽视了这些。慢慢地儿子乔舒亚出生了,那个被拖了很久的书店终于批下来了,在圭多落下书店的门是我们发现门上被涂鸦着“犹太人的店”几个大字,甚至有些店挂着门牌——“犹太人和狗不得入内”。虽然这些镜头不多,但是这些构成了电影的线索,也为后来被压去集中营做铺垫。这些小细节小线索虽然不多,但是或暗喻或明喻告诉你我们在圭多玩笑背后的严峻形势,理解大时代背景,它们可以给我们提供管中窥豹的机会。 这个电影的目的不再于搞笑而且也不搞笑,它只是找到了一个合适的方式去讲述这些微妙的主题和大时代背景。相比于其他以压抑直接悲伤的角度讲述大屠杀的电影,这部电影,借用其极其普通却又高超的艺术手法,通过喜剧的方式让人在笑中思考,慢慢地笑着笑着观众就都明白导演的意图,笑着笑着就哭了。贝尼尼的的伤感幻想减少了大屠杀受害者的痛苦(反而更显对受害者的尊重),与此同时也纪念了在悲惨环境中想象、天真和爱的力量。 贝尼尼说解释过他的喜剧哲学,他说“笑和哭都是来自灵魂的同一点,不是吗?我是一个讲故事的人:问题的关键在于达到美,诗歌,不管是喜剧还是悲剧,如果你达到美丽的地方,他们都是一样的”。


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