橡皮头 橡皮头 7.9分

翻译IMDB《Eraserhead》影评

施奧傑
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First of all, let me say that Eraserhead is not a film for everyone. Many people will find themselves confused by the strange atmosphere, surreal imagery, and signature David Lynch sense of purposefully awkward pacing. That out of the way, I would have to say that this is possibly one of my most personal favorite films. It is dark, tense, atmospheric, and filled with sounds and images that will send chills up your spine. It is a film that takes more than one viewing to truly begin to comprehend, but is quite a ride nontheless. There are moments in this movie that will literally scare you, so much so that one could almost call this eerie surreal art-film a deconstructed domestic horror movie. This film, along with the original black and white Night of the Living dead, are two of the only films in existance that still scare me to this day. (Side note: Also, I reccomend that you see Luis Bunuel's movie "Un Chien Andalou" to see where strange art-films like this originated fr...

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First of all, let me say that Eraserhead is not a film for everyone. Many people will find themselves confused by the strange atmosphere, surreal imagery, and signature David Lynch sense of purposefully awkward pacing. That out of the way, I would have to say that this is possibly one of my most personal favorite films. It is dark, tense, atmospheric, and filled with sounds and images that will send chills up your spine. It is a film that takes more than one viewing to truly begin to comprehend, but is quite a ride nontheless. There are moments in this movie that will literally scare you, so much so that one could almost call this eerie surreal art-film a deconstructed domestic horror movie. This film, along with the original black and white Night of the Living dead, are two of the only films in existance that still scare me to this day. (Side note: Also, I reccomend that you see Luis Bunuel's movie "Un Chien Andalou" to see where strange art-films like this originated from.) Anyway, the film's plot while initially incomprehensible to most, can be broken down into the tragic tale of a man named Henry Spencer (Jack Nance) stuck in a dark decaying city overrun by industry. During the film, he is forced to deal with the prospect of taking care of an illegitimate premature child birthed by his girlfriend, Mary X. (Charlotte Stewart) However, he is consumed by his guilt, and begins to comprehend suicide as a way out. But the story is told through such a swirling mixture of dreamlike imagery that this is not always readily apparent. However, in order to better understand and appreciate the film, one must figure out what each of the images mean. Here's a short cliff notes guidline to some of the more common recurring images in the movie: ***THE FOLLOWING CONTAINS SPOILERS*** Worm = sin. These creatures appear all throughout the movie. Henry even tries to hide his "little" sin from Mary at one point, only to have a nightmare where Mary is consumed by worms. Henry's room is also filled with piles dirt and dead plants as one might notice, which makes his room a breeding ground for worms. The Baby = The product of sin. You might have noticed that the baby looks an awful lot like a worm. Futhermore, the baby is a part of Henry, and later during the dream sequence, we discover that Henry IS the baby. When Henry kills the baby, he kills himself. Eraser = Memories. Henry feels that his memories, or his brain with his bad memories, is like an eraser that needs to be rubbed out. In his dream sequence, he sees himself losing his head, and having his brains turned into eraser bits to be rubbed out and blown into dust on the wind. The lady in the radiator = Death. Death looks grotesque, yet strangely appealing to poor Henry. The radiator gives off warmth and seems to become a stage where death performs for Henry, promising to stamp out his sins (worms) and telling him that "in heaven, everything is fine." At the end of the movie, Henry embraces the lady in the radiator before blackness falls. The man in the planet = God. In addition to disposing of Henry's cofessed sins at the beginning of the movie (the worm coming out of Henry's mouth) the scarred man in the planet appears to prevent Henry from opting for suicide during his dream sequence. He silently reminds Henry of his sacrifice (the bleeding tree) though it is in vain as Henry shows God what he really is underneith. (the baby) The last is a theme that occurs in all Lynch movies: Electricity and electrical lighting = The presence of good. Darkness = The presence of evil. There are other aspects of the film that keep popping up, such as the reocurrence of the unlucky number thirteen. Henry waits thirteen seconds for the elevator to open up, the lady across the hall takes thirteen seconds to appear, Henry's apartment numbers add up to the number thriteen, etc. Also, there are many other images which I will let you figure out on your own. ***END OF SPOILERS*** All in all, the movie is quite an experience. This is a film that you will either love or utterly hate. For myself, I managed to "click" with the movie from the first time I saw it and have enjoyed it since. Repeated viewings only add to the enjoyment of the film, as you begin to notice more and more that you never saw before. All in all, I say that it is an excellent and extremely layered film. With that, I give you some fun facts about the movie: -The pencil eraser machine actually worked. It was put together by Lynch and a friend of his. -To this day, Lynch will still not disclose how he constructed the amazingly convincing baby creature, though he claims is was created with substance/objects that anyone could find around the house. -Jack Nance's hair was incredibly malleable. Literally, all it took was a little bit of trimming on either side of his head and some combing to get it to stand upright. -In order to get a better sense of textures for the film (possibly for the organs of the baby) Lynch dissected a dead cat. -When driving around town with the "Henry hair" Jack Nance would sit in the center seat while Lynch and someone else would sit on either side to keep his gravity-defying hair from being seen 首先,让我说,橡皮头不是一部电影给大家。许多人会被这部电影奇怪的气氛,超现实的图像,和故意笨拙的节奏感混淆。

我不得不说这可能是我最喜欢的电影之一。它是黑暗的,紧张的,大气的,充满了声音和图像,会使你的脊椎发冷。这部电影,需要多看才能真正理解,它相当的畸形。在这部电影里有,真的会吓到你的时刻,以至于几乎可以称这种怪异的超现实主义的艺术电影解构了恐怖电影。

无论如何,这部电影的情节虽然起初难以理解,可以分解为一个名叫Henry Spencer的悲惨故事(杰克·南斯)困在黑暗腐朽的城市里。在电影中,他被迫面对照顾私生子早产儿,以及他的女友Mary X.(Charlotte Stewart)然而,由于内疚,他开始将自杀作为出路。但故事是通过这样一个旋转的结构和混合的梦幻般的意象来讲述的,这并不总是很明显。然而,为了更好地理解和欣赏电影,我们必须弄清楚每个图像的含义。

下面是一个简短的笔记,是电影中比较常见的一些反复出现的意象:

*以下内容包含剧透***

蠕虫=罪恶。这些生物在电影中全部出现。亨利甚至试图隐藏他的微小的罪恶,一个玛丽被蠕虫吃掉的噩梦。亨利的房间里也堆满了成堆的泥土和枯死的植物,大家都注意到了,这使得他的房间成为了蠕虫滋生的温床。

婴儿=罪的产物。你可能已经注意到,婴儿看起来非常像蠕虫。此外,婴儿是亨利的一部分,后来的梦中,我们发现亨利的宝宝。当亨利杀了婴儿,他自杀了。

橡皮擦=回忆。亨利觉得,他的大脑与他糟糕的记忆,好像需要用橡皮擦擦出来。在他的梦中,他看到自己失去了理智,脑袋变成了橡皮擦,被擦掉,被风吹成尘土。

散热器里的女人=死亡。死亡看起来怪诞,却吸引可怜的亨利。散热器散发出温暖,似乎成为一个舞台,死亡接受亨利,承诺将他的罪恶(蠕虫),并告诉他,“在天堂,一切都很好”在电影的结尾,以亨利拥抱这个女人结束。

地球上的男人=上帝。在电影的开始,一个有疤痕的人在地球上,他的出现阻止亨利自杀,改变他的想法。他默默地提醒亨利z的牺牲。

最后一个主题是发生在所有Lynch电影:

电气和电气照明=良好的存在。

黑暗=邪恶的存在。

这是电影中浮现的其他方面,如不幸的十三号再发。亨利十三秒时间等待电梯打开,对面的女士以十三秒出现,亨利的房间号码总计达数13等等。

我给你一些关于电影的有趣的事实:

直到今天,Lynch仍然没有透露他是如何建造令人难以置信的、令人信服的婴儿生物的,虽然他声称是创造的物质/对象。

杰克·南斯的头发是令人难以置信的可塑性。从表面上看,只需要稍微整理修剪他的头部,使其直立即可。

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