记录

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2016-09-24 看过
EP01: From Byzantium to Constantinople
Byzantines are notorious for their hard drinking and easy going morals
4th Century AD: the earliest ruins dated back from when it was a roman city
330 AD: Constantine I celebrated at Hippodrome, started Byzantium for its geographic position straggling the east and west, and he wanted to build a city of pure Christian unlike Rome (Fatih Mosque, Hagia Eirene oldest church built by Constantine
Theodosius I claim Jesus is both human and devine,
573 AD: Justinian I built the underground drainage system, Hagia Sophia, "Here God dwell on men". 626 AD: Constantinople was under 3 besieging armies from land and sea, the mother of God, Virgin Maria come to save Constantinople.
638 AD: Muslim toke Jerusalem
695 AD: Justinian II was overthrown
717 AD: Muslim sieged Constantinople
Leo III iconoclasm, no longer Muslim threat,
840 AD: iconoclasm ended, define the east orthodox, which caused the controvers between the eastern and western churches

EP02:From Constantinople to Istanbul
1054 AD: Christianity break into two counts, the Greek speaking Byzantium Orthodox, the Latin speaking warrior culture due to the difference in belief of God and culture
From 1071 AD: Turks invasion --> ask the Pope in Rome for help --> western crusade, country boys in big city, from amazement to envy, from ally to enemy --> xenophobic feelings rise in Byzantium --> bloods --> 4th crusade
1203: Crusade invaded Constantinople with venetian fleets and started to destroy the city
14th century: the Byzantium renaissance, which is about the inner truth of their sanctity
15th century: Osman started the Ottoman,
1453: Mehmed II conquered the city, the beginning of Istanbul

EP03: Capital of a New Empire
Start in 16th century, Ottoman was mainly a European Empire
Selim I -> Suleiman the Magnificent: built Süleymaniye Mosque (by Sinan) to somehow represent the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem --> Selim II, advised by Joseph Nasi, a Jewish
1597 AD: Mehmed III killed 19 brothers to reign as Mehmed II set the rule, he then changed it.
1616 AD: Blue Mosque was built by Ahmed I, concubine Kösem Sultan whose was the real ruler after Ahmed I
1821 AD: Greeks were killed, so did the centuries old tradition of tolerance
1826 AD: The Janissaries by the people in the order of Sultan
1877 AD: Russian declared war and invaded the empire's Balkan province, the British sent battle ships to stop Russian out of Istanbul.
1909 AD: Abdülhamid II overthrown by the young turks.
1918 AD: Russia, Britain, France occupy Istanbul after WWI, Britain persuade Greek to fight to convert Istanbul back to Christian, but Ataturk said no.
1923 AD: Establishment of Republic of Turkey
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