THE WEST WING
'POST HOC, ERGO PROPTER HOC'
Generally, usage of “presidential nominating convention” refers to the two major parties’ quadrennial events: the Democratic and the Republican National Convention. Some minor parties also select their nominees by convention.
【coming out party】成人晚会
《今夜无人入睡》（意大利文：Nessun dorma）是普契尼最后一部歌剧《图兰多》的咏叹调，由男角卡拉夫王子（Calaf）演唱，诉说图兰多公主要全城彻夜不睡，在天亮前替她寻找王子的名字，若无法如期查出，则全城百姓都必须受死。歌曲的原意为“不让人入睡”，中译为“今夜无人入睡”或“公主徹夜未眠”。这首古典歌剧作品是著名男高音帕华洛帝（Luciano Pavarotti）的经典金曲，1990年被英国广播公司（BBC）用作当年意大利世界杯足球赛的主题曲后，令它的知名度更广为人知。
【option】N-COUNT In business, an option is an agreement or contract that gives someone the right to buy or sell something such as property or shares at a future date. 购买权; 出售权; 期权 [BUSINESS]
【challenge】N-VAR A challenge is something new and difficult which requires great effort and determination. 挑战
【caucus】N-COUNT A caucus is a group of people within an organization who share similar aims and interests or who have a lot of influence. (机构中的) 核心组织【美国政治】 (政党在决策、酝酿候选人时召开的)领导层秘密会议 [FORMAL]
【take on】PHRASAL VERB If you take someone on, you fight them or compete against them, especially when they are bigger or more powerful than you are. 与 (尤指强于自己的人) 较量 [no passive] 例: Democrats were reluctant to take on a president whose popularity ratings were historically high.民主党不愿意与一个支持率创历史新高的总统较量。
【suspension】N-VAR A vehicle's suspension consists of the springs and other devices attached to the wheels, which give a smooth ride over uneven ground. (车辆减震的) 悬架。例: ...the only small car with independent front suspension. 惟一的一辆带有独立前悬架的小汽车。
【gloat】V-I If someone is gloating, they are showing pleasure at their own success or at other people's failure in an arrogant and unpleasant way. (对自己的成功) 洋洋得意; (对别人的失败) 幸灾乐祸
【photo op】A photo op (sometimes written as photo opp), short for photograph opportunity (photo opportunity), is an opportunity to take a memorable and effective photograph of a politician, a celebrity, or a notable event. Among amateur photographers, the term is used to refer to any opportunity to take good photos.
【in the residence】PHRASE If someone is in residence in a particular place, they are living there. 住在 (某处)
【Regis and Kathie Lee】
a syndicated American television morning talk show
【Atta boy】Informal Used to show encouragement or approval to a boy or man: Attaboy! That's the way to hit a home run!
【slay】V-T If someone slays an animal, they kill it in a violent way. 屠杀 [FORMAL]
【Ryder Cup team】
The Ryder Cup is a biennial golf competition between teams from Europe and the United States. The competition is jointly administered by the PGA of America and the PGA European Tour, and is contested every two years, the venue alternating between courses in the United States and Europe. The Ryder Cup is also the name of the trophy, after the person who donated it, Samuel Ryder. The Ryder Cup, and its counterpart the Presidents Cup, are unique in the world of golf, and possibly professional sports, since despite being high-profile events that bring in tens of millions of dollars in TV and sponsorship revenue the players receive no prize money and compete purely for the victory.
【Texas and big hats】represent the state's history of cowboys and frontier.
【knockout】N-SING If you describe someone as a knockout, you think that they are extremely attractive or impressive. 引人注目的人 [INFORMAL] [approval]
【Tow】V-TIf one vehicle tows another, it pulls it along behind it. - They threatened to tow away my car. 他们威胁说要拖走我的车
【straighten out】PHRASAL VERB If you straighten out a confused situation, you succeed in getting it organized and cleaned up. 理清
【spin】N-SING If someone puts a certain spin on an event or situation, they interpret it and try to present it in a particular way. (特意做的) 诠释与宣传 [INFORMAL] 例: He interpreted the vote as support for the constitution and that is the spin his supporters are putting on the results today. 他把这次投票结果解释为对宪法的支持，这也是他的支持者们对今天的结果所做的诠释与宣传。
【condo】condo ['kɔndəu] n. [复数]-dos，-does [美国口语] 简陋公寓套间(常作度假用)；公寓租房；分套购置的公寓房(如个人居住的公寓套间) [condominium 的缩略形式]
【enter】V-T If you enter someone for a race or competition, you officially state that they will compete or take part in it. 使报名参加竞赛
【the line】[美国、加拿大英语] [the line]体育(足球等非赛跑竞赛项目)比赛赌率 [参较 Las Vegas line]
【The latest in a string】接连发生事件中的最近一个。
【gang up on】合伙反对…
【fly in the teeth with it】to challenge someone or something; to go against someone or something.
【You're at your best with a pie in the face.】
Pieing is the act of throwing a pie at a person or persons. This can be a political action when the target is an authority figure, politician, or celebrity and can be used as a means of protesting against the target's political beliefs, or against perceived arrogance or vanity. Perpetrators generally regard the act as a form of ridicule to embarrass and humiliate the victim. In some U.S. states pieing may conform to definitions of the crime of battery, but not assault. (Battery is the crime of hitting or beating someone.)
ADJIf relations between people are strained, those people do not like or trust each other. (关系) 紧张的
【diss】vt., vi. [俚语](对…)无礼，侮辱，奚落；(言语或行为上对…)不尊敬；轻蔑地拒绝(或打发)
【hit it off】 投缘 ;相处融洽
【perimeter】N-COUNT The perimeter of an area of land is the whole of its outer edge or boundary. 周边; 周界
【touch down】(飞机等)降落；着陆： The plane touched down at 17:45 at Heathrow Airport.
【hypnosis】Hypnosis is the art or practice of hypnotizing people. 催眠术
【booze】N-UNCOUNTBooze is alcoholic drink. 酒[INFORMAL] [also 'the' N]
【infantry】N-UNCOUNT-COLLInfantry are soldiers who fight on foot rather than in tanks or on horses. 步兵
【coup】[ku:]N-COUNTWhen there is a coup, a group of people seize power in a country. 政变
【fester】V-IIf you say that a situation, problem, or feeling is festering, you disapprove of the fact that it is being allowed to grow more unpleasant or full of anger, because it is not being properly recognized or dealt with. 恶化
【You have a once in a generation mind】
【knowing】ADJA knowing gesture or remark is one that shows that you understand something, for example the way that someone is feeling or what they really mean, even though it has not been mentioned directly. 会意的
【trip over】被(某物)绊了一下 The boy tripped over a stone.那个男孩被一块石头绊了一下。
【Grand Jury】N-COUNT A grand jury is a jury, usually in the United States, which considers a criminal case in order to decide if someone should be tried in a court of law. 大陪审团
【given the benefit of the doubt.】假定其无过失或无罪（因无充分证据证明某人有罪）
【D.N.C.】 = Democratic National Committee
【mug】to be mugged 被袭击
【wrap up】PHRASAL VERB If you wrap up something such as a job or an agreement, you complete it in a satisfactory way. 圆满完成 (工作); 达成 (协议) 例: NATO defense ministers wrap up their meeting in Brussels today. 北约国防部长们今天在布鲁塞尔圆满结束了他们的会议。
【fix】V-T If you fix some food or a drink for someone, you make it or prepare it for them. 准备 (食物、饮料等) 例: Sarah fixed some food for us.
【cattle rustler ['rʌslə]】[美国口语]偷牛贼
【Nobel Laureate['lɔ:riət] in Economics,】诺贝尔奖的得主称之为 桂冠 （ Laureate ），这自然是因袭英国的 桂冠 诗人制度而来。
【blow off】PHRASAL VERB If you blow something off, you ignore it or choose not to deal with it. 不理会 [AM] [INFORMAL] 例: I don't think we can afford just to blow this off. 我想我们担负不起对此置之不理。
【hit a bump】N-COUNT Bump is also a noun. 碰撞。例: Small children often cry after a minor bump. 小孩子们在轻微的碰撞后常常会哭。
【I've been shoved into a broom...】 [美国俚语]卖力大干
【stick around】PHRASAL VERB If you stick around, you stay where you are, often because you are waiting for something. (为等候) 呆在原地不动 [INFORMAL] 例: Stick around a while and see what develops. 稍呆一会儿，看看会发生什么。
【barging in】PHRASAL VERB If you barge in or barge in on someone, you rudely interrupt what they are doing or saying. 插一杠子 [INFORMAL]
例: I'm sorry to barge in like this, but I have a problem I hope you can solve. 抱歉这样插进来，不过我有个问题希望你能解决。
【back away from】
The trainer backed away from the enraged tiger.
【brandish】V-T If you brandish something, especially a weapon, you hold it in a threatening way. 挥舞 (尤指武器) 例: He appeared in the lounge brandishing a knife. 他出现在休息室,挥舞着一把刀。
【a decent paper route】
【knock out】PHRASAL VERB If a person or team is knocked out of a competition, they are defeated in a game, so that they take no more part in the competition. 淘汰
【admit you with a solicitation bust】
V-T/V-I If you admit that something bad, unpleasant, or embarrassing is true, you agree, often unwillingly, that it is true. 承认 (不好、不快或尴尬的事实)
【busted】V-T If someone is busted, the police arrest them. 逮捕 [INFORMAL] [usu passive]
例: They were busted for possession of cannabis.
【stay on their feet】= keep balance
【patter】N-SING Someone's patter is a series of things that they say quickly and easily, usually in order to entertain people or to persuade them to buy or do something. 顺口溜
【capital gains tax】 [税收] 资本利得税
【mike】N-COUNT A mike is the same as a microphone. 麦克风 [INFORMAL]
【fundamentalist】N-UNCOUNT Fundamentalism is the belief in the original form of a religion or theory, without accepting any later ideas. 原教旨主义 - 例: Religious fundamentalism was spreading in the region. 宗教的原教旨主义正在这一地区蔓延。
【debunk】批判，驳斥，指出…的错误，证明…是虚假的 - to debunk the claims of an advertiser 驳斥一名广告商的谎言
【Tel Aviv】n. 特拉维夫市（以色列港市）
【Syria & Jordan】叙利亚 & 约旦（请WIKI）