一点点摘抄

若迦
2011-10-15 看过
恩,这当然不是影评,只是一点点摘抄罢了。

影片的开场其实是莫扎特的《G大调协奏曲》,梅纽因1963年在柏林的一小段影像。传说中由9位大师演奏影像组成的门德尔松的E小调小协,是在其之后。其实也算是开场了,直接一个重磅下来,相当激动人心。

根据出现顺序,9位大师以及他们录像(录音)的地点和年代分别是:
•David Oistrakh, Moscow, 1958
•Isaac Stern, Paris, 1967
•Christian Ferras, Paris, 1963
•Fritz Kreisler, 1927, (Recording 1935)
•Nathan Milstein, Stockholm, 1996
•Yehudi Menuhin, Monte Carlo, 1979
Yehudi Menuhin, Hollywood, 1947 (Conducted by Antal Dorati)
•Arthur Grumiaux, Nice, 1961
•Jascha Heifetz, 1952 (Boston Symphony orchestra,Conducted by Charles Muench, Recording 1959)
•Mischa Elman, London, 1962


值得注意的是,影片以梅纽因的影像为开头,同样以梅纽因作为结束(选用的是巴赫的《恰空》,1972年的影像)。1999年3月12日梅纽因的离世,标志着20世纪小提琴史上的最后一页被翻过。充满神话的时代结束了,而新的传说还有待书写。

下面是摘抄和八卦时间:

一. 片中提到的小提琴和钢琴相关的言论

当然这样的比较其实没有太大的意义,因为弦乐器不及键盘乐器容易上手是事实。

【片段一】
The problem really is the difficulty of playing the violin. It's very very difficult, and you can tell the difficulty because...How long does it take for a beginner, average beginner, to make a decent sound on the fiddle, and how long does it take for an average beginner to make a decent sound on the piano. No comparison. You know, you play Twinkle Twinkle Little Star on the piano right away, it will sound decent……can't do that on a violin, unless of course you are some sort of genius. 真正的问题其实是演奏小提琴的难度。非常难。你能看出它很难,因为一个初学者,普通的初学者,要在小提琴上拉出好听的声音需要多久,而一个初学者在钢琴上弹出好听的声音又需要多久,(这两者)是没法比较的。你知道,在钢琴上你可以马上弹出《一闪一闪亮晶晶》,也不算难听,但是在小提琴上却不行,当然你是个天才则例外。


【片段二】
Violinists had a harder time to make pure music than pianists, because pianists cannot really do that much on the piano. They're immediately forced to turn the phrase, they don't have to deal with vibrato, they don't have to deal with shifting, they don't have to deal with sliding, they don't have to deal with bow speed. They got a deal with an instrument that basically you put down the key, and you get the sound. And if you play a few notes in a row and they sound blah, you have to deal with music immediately.
小提琴家要演奏出纯净的音乐比钢琴家困难,因为后者在钢琴上并没有太大的发挥余地。钢琴家被迫马上去展现乐句,他们不需要关心揉弦,不需要关心把位,不用关心滑音,不用关心运弓的速度。基本上只要你把钢琴琴键按下去,声音就出来了。如果弹出的一串音符不好听,你就必须立即处理乐曲。

Fiddle players don't have to deal with music. There are also other things fiddle players deal with, internation. So, so pianist don't have to deal with that, with all of that. So they're immediately forced to think of a phrase. We don't have to think of a phrase...right away. You know we thank God that we can play something that would sound decent and tuning and without scratch
提琴手不用处理乐曲,他们还有其它的东西需要关心,比如音调。所有这些弹钢琴的却不用担心。他们被迫马上想到的是乐句,而我们则不需要。你知道,我们能拉出一些听上去不错,不走调,也没有杂音的东西,就要谢天谢地了。

So, some of the fiddle players, you know sometimes stay with kind of concentration on all of these, all of the things that really take to make a violin sound good. And by the time you mastered all of that, you're 95 years old. It's not time for music.
So those fiddle players could do both, those of the great ones.
所以,有些提琴演奏者有时需要在所有这些让小提琴的声音悦耳的东西上全神贯注。等到你把所有技巧都掌握好,就得有95岁了,那时你就无法搞音乐了。
因此那些伟大的小提琴家,是可以两者(乐曲和技巧)兼顾的。

————以上均是帕尔曼所言


二. 好笑的桥段

【①】
At music school in Moscow they'd tell little children, "Work hard and you'll be like Oistrakh. You'll travel, you'll go to America!"
And for us at that time, America was further away than the constellatiion of Scorpio.
在莫斯科的音乐学校里,他们这样告诉孩子:“努力学习,你们就会象奥伊斯特拉赫一样,你就可以周游世界,还可以去美国!”
对那时的我们来说,美国是一个比天蝎座还要遥远的地方。

——By Mstislav Rostropovich(罗斯特罗波维奇)

【时间背景是前苏联时期,由此可见米国一直以来都是相当励志的存在。。。另外看到天蝎座于是顺便去八卦了下Rostropovich的星座,不是天蝎,是白羊。。。(为什么觉得好遗憾= =)】

【②】
There's an old joke about Heifetz.
After a concert,some lady comes to him and said, "Oh Mr. Heifetz, your violin sounded so magnificent today".
And he picks up the violin and says, "Funny I don't hear anything".
关于海菲兹有一个古老的笑话,在一场音乐会后,一位女士走向他并说:“哦,海菲茨先生,今天你的小提琴的声音真是太动听了。”
海菲兹提起小提琴,然后说:“奇怪我什么也听不见。”
 
——By Itzhak Perlman(帕尔曼)

【海爷您真是太冷了。。。】
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