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[英语高举脑洞] 仿古正字法 [增加情态动词和特殊动词部分]

ScT 2014-11-15
突然想到英语可以仿照法语做法, 正字法里添加大量不发音词尾, 把古英语/中古英语动词变位掰回来. 然后模仿旧荷兰语正字法, 把已经不存在的变格系统在书面复活. 至于语法性由于涉及到代词指代使用, 不能简单添加不发音拼写而不影响口语, 就不搞了. 采用自然性别.
---------------------------------------------------------
***不想看前面的可以拖到最后看效果***
---------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------
动词:
---------------------------------------------------------
第二人称单数同复数融合
只有现在时第三人称单数s发音, 其他词缀均不发音.
----------------------------
be动词不变 > 修改: 还是变一部分的好

be
过去时
sg. was - sg2+pl. wereon

---------------------------
弱变化:
work
Infinitivus
workan

Praesens:
I worke
he/she/it works
we/you/they workath

Praeteritum:
I / he workde
you / Pl. workdon

Subjunctivus:
worke, worken

Imperativus:
worke, workath

Participium:
working, geworkd*

*过去分词的不发音ge-前缀可视个人喜好添加
**为了体现...古风格, 可以让元音的拼写发生一些变化, 但不宜变化太大.
***如果现代拼写以不发音的e结尾, 以e开头的词尾均去掉e (silent e不重复).

例句: You haveath geworkd hard to sellan the products, but not a single unit was gesold.

强变化: 跟弱变化词相比, 去掉过去时单数, 命令式单数的词尾, 且词干有元音替换. 过去分词以en结尾. 虚拟式过去时词干元音不变. 同样的, 现代拼写中不发音的e保留.
singan - sang - gesungen
现在时
I singe
he sings
pl. singath
过去时:
sg. sang
pl. sangon
分词:
singing, gesungen

例句: They brokeon into the theater when a song was being gesungen.
----------------------------------
do 和情态动词
----------------------------------
现代英语情态动词变位已经残到不能再残, 参照古英语恢复如下:
will
不定式
willan
现在时
I wille
he wile
you/Pl. willath
过去时 (would)
wolde - woldon
分词: 无
同理 can > cannan, may >
突然想到英语可以仿照法语做法, 正字法里添加大量不发音词尾, 把古英语/中古英语动词变位掰回来. 然后模仿旧荷兰语正字法, 把已经不存在的变格系统在书面复活. 至于语法性由于涉及到代词指代使用, 不能简单添加不发音拼写而不影响口语, 就不搞了. 采用自然性别.
---------------------------------------------------------
***不想看前面的可以拖到最后看效果***
---------------------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------------------
动词:
---------------------------------------------------------
第二人称单数同复数融合
只有现在时第三人称单数s发音, 其他词缀均不发音.
----------------------------
be动词不变 > 修改: 还是变一部分的好

be
过去时
sg. was - sg2+pl. wereon

---------------------------
弱变化:
work
Infinitivus
workan

Praesens:
I worke
he/she/it works
we/you/they workath

Praeteritum:
I / he workde
you / Pl. workdon

Subjunctivus:
worke, worken

Imperativus:
worke, workath

Participium:
working, geworkd*

*过去分词的不发音ge-前缀可视个人喜好添加
**为了体现仿古风格, 可以让元音的拼写发生一些变化, 但不宜变化太大.
***如果现代拼写以不发音的e结尾, 以e开头的词尾均去掉e (silent e不重复).

例句: You haveath geworkd hard to sellan the products, but not a single unit was gesold.

强变化: 跟弱变化词相比, 去掉过去时单数, 命令式单数的词尾, 且词干有元音替换. 过去分词以en结尾. 虚拟式过去时词干元音不变. 同样的, 现代拼写中不发音的e保留.
singan - sang - gesungen
现在时
I singe
he sings
pl. singath
过去时:
sg. sang
pl. sangon
分词:
singing, gesungen

例句: They brokeon into the theater when a song was being gesungen.
----------------------------------
do 和情态动词
----------------------------------
现代英语情态动词变位已经残到不能再残, 参照古英语恢复如下:
will
不定式
willan
现在时
I wille
he wile
you/Pl. willath
过去时 (would)
wolde - woldon
分词: 无
同理 can > cannan, may > mayan

do 的恢复:
I do
he does
Pl. doth
过去时
dide - didon
分词
doing - gedone

例句:
They haddon gedone everything wrong and gefucked up, and he wile never admitan it was his message that createde thet chaos and catastrophy.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
名词和形容词:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

添加大量不发音词尾体现性数格, 尽量照着古英语的样子来, 同时尽量避免山寨德语既视感.

格: 主/属/与/宾 N/G/D/A
词性: 阴/阳/中 自然性别
形容词变化[不]分强弱
冠词, 限定词, 代词也有性数格变化
名词规则完全不变.
同样有保留不发音e, 且不双写的原则.

名词: 不变

冠词: 发音不变, 拼写体现性数格, 复数不体现性
为了避免跟其他现代拼写的词汇撞车, 做了些改动.
定冠词 阳 - 阴 - 中 - 复数
主 the - theo - thet - thea
属 thes - ther - thes - thera
与 theem - ther - theem - theem
宾 thene - thea - thet - thea

不定冠词:
a/an 阳 - 阴 - 中
主 an - an - an
属 ans - anre - ans
与 anm - anre - anm
宾 ann - ane - an

代词: 1 - 2 - 3阳 - 3阴 - 3中 - 复1 - 2 - 3
主 I - yeeu - he - she - it - we - yeeu - they
属 (同现代)
与 me - you - him - her - itm - us - you - them
宾 me - you - himn - herre - it - us - you - theym

限定词 this, that, these, those 实在脑补不了了, 就让他们不变吧.

形容词good 做表语的时候也一样变格.
good 阳 - 阴 - 中 - 复数
主 good - good - good - goode
属 goodes - goodre- goodes - goodra
与 goodum - goodre - goodum - goodum
宾 goodne - goode - good - goode

介词格:
介词支配的变格情况就先山寨德语吧.

================================
最终范例:
================================
原文:
English arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and what is now southeast Scotland. Following the extensive influence of England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom from the 17th to mid-20th centuries through the British Empire, it has been widely propagated around the world. Through the spread of American-dominated media and technology, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions.
正字:
English arose in theem Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and what is now southeast Scotland. Following thet extensive influence of England, Greatum Britain, and theem United Kingdom from theem 17th to mid-20th centries through thet British Empire, it has been widely gepropagated around thet world. Through thet spreadan of American-gedominatedum media and technology, English has becomen thet leading language of internationalum discourse and thet lingua franca in many regions.

貌似在这种客观描述的文章里没啥区别.... 全是中性词形容词没太大变化. 看来不加语法性是不行的....
必须得矫情:
“There are few people whom I really love, and still fewer of whom I think well. The more I see of the world, the more am I dissatisfied with it; and every day confirms my belief of the inconsistency of all human characters, and of the little dependence that can be placed on the appearance of merit or sense.”
― Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice

正字:
There are fewe people whom I really love, and still fewere of whom I thinke well. Thet more I see of theem world, thet more am I gedissatisified with itm; and every day confirms my belief of theem inconsistecy of allum humanum characters, and of theem littleum dependence that can be geplaced on theem appearance of merit or sense.

========= 再来一段 ===========
“Now I will tell you the answer to my question. It is this. The Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not interested in the good of others; we are interested solely in power, pure power. What pure power means you will understand presently. We are different from the oligarchies of the past in that we know what we are doing. All the others, even those who resembled ourselves, were cowards and hypocrites. The German Nazis and the Russian Communists came very close to us in their methods, but they never had the courage to recognize their own motives. They pretended, perhaps they even believed, that they had seized power unwillingly and for a limited time, and that just around the corner there lay a paradise where human beings would be free and equal. We are not like that. We know what no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it. Power is not a means; it is an end. One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship. The object of persecution is persecution. The object of torture is torture. The object of power is power. Now you begin to understand me.”
― George Orwell, 1984

正字:
Now I wille tellan you thet answer to my question. It is this. Thet Party seeks power entirely for its own sake. We are not geinterested in theem good of others; we are geinterested soley in power, pure power. What pure power means yeeu willath understandan presently. We are differente from theem oligarchies of theem past in that we knowath what we are doing. Alle thea others, even those who resembledon ourselves, wereon cowards and hypocrites. Thea Germane Nazis and thea Russiane Communists cameon very close to us in their methods, but they never haddon thet courage to recognizean their owne motives. They pretendedon, perhaps they even believedon, that they haddon geseizd power unwillingly and for an limited time, and that just around thet corner there lay an paradise where human beings woldon be free and equale. We are not like that. We knowan what no one ever seizes power with theem intention of relingquishing it. Power is not an means; it is an end. One does not establishan an dictatorship in order to safeguardan an revolution; one makes thet revolution in order to establishan thet dictatorship. Thet object of persecution is persecution. Thet object of torture is torture. Thet object of power is power. Now yeeu beginath to understandan me.
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回应 (23条) 只看楼主

  • Urbino
    名词变格只通过冠词体现?
  • ScT
    名词变格只通过冠词体现? Urbino
    一个是因为我懒, 其次是名词拼写太五花八门了, 加词尾会造成大量拼写撞车. 形容词也可以体现, 只不过大部分情况是主宾格中性单数所以看起来没变化...
  • 志大才疏脫喀赤
    不是Thea Germane Nazis and thea Russiane Communists?
  • Urbino
    原来如此。干脆不要名词屈折算了。介词冠词缩合怎么办?
  • ScT
    不是Thea Germane Nazis and thea Russiane Communists? 志大才疏脫喀赤
    啊是我眼花了. 因为前面有human xxx所以我老把前面那个词当名词...
  • ScT
    原来如此。干脆不要名词屈折算了。介词冠词缩合怎么办? Urbino
    缩合个毛. 正统不搞那一套!
  • Urbino
    缩合个毛. 正统不搞那一套! ScT
    长懒写…………

    应该把这项计划输出腐国,成立秕糠协会,逐步清除现行英语里的罗曼成分,还它本来面貌= =
  • ScT
    长懒写………… 应该把这项计划输出腐国,成立秕糠协会,逐步清除现行英语里的罗曼 ... Urbino
    Anglish都搞不成, 甭说这个了...
  • Urbino
    Anglish都搞不成, 甭说这个了... ScT
    可作为远景规划加以考虑
  • ScT
    可作为远景规划加以考虑 Urbino
    已经拉不回来了, 词汇和语法两方面都是. 国际化 = 大规模野鸡化
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