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French In Action French In Action 766Robert

SPECIAL USES OF DEVOIR

nickcake| 莔 2010-07-25
Devoir is one of the trickiest verbs to translate and use in French. The following is a list of the different meanings of devoir used in various tenses.

Present Tense must, have to
probably Je dois étudier.
Il doit être malade. I must (have to) study.
He's probably sick.

Passé Composé had to (and did),
must have Il a dû partir. He had to leave.

Imperfect was supposed to,
used to have to Elle devait chanter ce soir. She was supposed to sing tonight.

Future will have to Tu devras payer l'argent. You will have to pay money.

Conditional should Vous devriez manger les fruits. You should eat fruits.

Past Conditional should have Ils auraient dû jouer. They should have played.


In the present tense, you can also express I am supposed to with Je suis censé + infinitive. To express you don't have to instead of you must not, use vous n’êtes pas obligé de instead of vous ne devez pas or il ne faut pas.

http://www.ielanguages.com/french6.html#devoir
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  • nickcake| 莔
    Lecon 49

    Elle devait être ici à six heures. Il est sept heures et quart, et elle n'est toujours pas rentrée.

    Mais alors, elle devrait être là ... Ah, je ne sais pas que faire.
  • nickcake| 莔
    Je n'aurais jamais dû la laisser partir. 这课果然吖!作者太用心了!
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