① stand-off n. 僵局
The longer a stand-off between India and China persists, the more dangerous it will become.
②contingent n. 组； adj. 依情况而定的
For nearly six weeks, armed contingents of two of the biggest military forces in the world have faced off in a high-altitude game of chicken in the Himalayas.
③ stand down 退出
Analysts cannot see how either side might easily stand down.
Memories of a bloody boarder war fought between China and India in 1962 are all too easily evoked.
What is less clear is whether Bhutan, an ally which India has in the past treated as a vassal, really wanted Indian help.
⑥incursion n. 袭击，干扰
The Chinese government claims that India's incursion is a black-and-white instance off breach of sovereignty- and it has a case.
⑦rabid adj. 患狂犬病的；<喻>偏激的
The more rabid parts of their media are already rattling sabres.
⑧cartographic adj. 制图的，与地图绘制有关的
As it is, a jagged cartographic dagger from Tibet points southward, separating most of the Indian state of Sikkim, to the west, from Bhutan, to the east.
⑨protectorate n. 受保护国
It(Bhutan) finds its relationship with its neighbour to the south increasingly embarrassing- a legacy of days when Bhutan was a protectorate of British India.
⑩have a spat with 与某人争吵<口>
That means it can get caught up in Indian spats with China that have nothing to do with it.
In May, India decided to snub China by staying away from an international summit in Beijing to discuss China's "Belt and Road Initiative"--a scheme to link China to its neighbors and countries beyond with a splurge of spending on infrastructure and power projects.
⑿puny adj. 弱小的，微不足道的
India supports Bhutan's puny army.
⒀status quo n. 现状
The Kingdom's fear of changing the status quo may explain why the stand-off in the Himalayas has persisted far longer.
It becomes all the more worrying when you consider that Mr. Modi is a nationalist who want to be seen as strongmen.
⒂escalate v. 使加剧
A shooting match with India that risked escalating into war would be a dangerous distraction.