干货最多的自我提升笔记

wendy
2018-04-30 09:14:30

书中有几个我以前并未想到过的观点

1. Anders Ericsson-deliberate practice

Malcolm Gladwell’s popular 10,000-hour rule

According to Ericsson, deliberate practice involves stepping outside your comfort zone and trying activities beyond your current abilities. While repeating a skill you’ve mastered might be satisfying, it’s not enough to help you get better. Moreover, simply wanting to improve isn’t enough-people also need well-defined goals and the help of a teacher who makes a plan for achieving them.

一万个小时理论非常盛行,很多人都把它与工匠精神相联系,我自己也曾经为自己在本行业工作接近一万个小时而沾沾自喜,自以为自己也接近成为领域的大拿。

Deliberate Practice实际上一直就是存在的,在Ericsson的研究成果中。只是一万个小时理论被Gladwell写成畅销书, 数字和故事的包装,为了满足大众的传播心理需求,刻意练习的作用不断被忽视。

The concept of the 10,000-hour rule is derived from the work of psychologist K. Anders Ericsson, who studied the way people become

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书中有几个我以前并未想到过的观点

1. Anders Ericsson-deliberate practice

Malcolm Gladwell’s popular 10,000-hour rule

According to Ericsson, deliberate practice involves stepping outside your comfort zone and trying activities beyond your current abilities. While repeating a skill you’ve mastered might be satisfying, it’s not enough to help you get better. Moreover, simply wanting to improve isn’t enough-people also need well-defined goals and the help of a teacher who makes a plan for achieving them.

一万个小时理论非常盛行,很多人都把它与工匠精神相联系,我自己也曾经为自己在本行业工作接近一万个小时而沾沾自喜,自以为自己也接近成为领域的大拿。

Deliberate Practice实际上一直就是存在的,在Ericsson的研究成果中。只是一万个小时理论被Gladwell写成畅销书, 数字和故事的包装,为了满足大众的传播心理需求,刻意练习的作用不断被忽视。

The concept of the 10,000-hour rule is derived from the work of psychologist K. Anders Ericsson, who studied the way people become experts in their fields. Author Malcolm Gladwell brought the idea into the mainstream in his book "Outliers."(畅销书)

The reality is that in certain fields, like professional sports, all the practice in the world isn't going to help if your body isn't up to the task.

And even the combination of time and natural ability isn't quite enough to guarantee expertise, according to Ericsson. It's about how you spend that time — which has led to the development of a concept known as "deliberate practice."

In deliberate practice, you need to be fully tuned in to learning the skill you are working on, and minimize distractions as much as possible (put away your phone). Because focusing intently takes so much energy, you can really only sustain that level of practice for 60 to 90 minutes at a time, perhaps two hours at most.

Putting in too much time might mean you're not making good use of it. If that's the case, you're more likely to burn out. Instead, try to focus harder for a defined period of time, then take a rest.

刻意练习需要跳出自己的舒适区,不断做自己熟悉的东西一万个小时起不到想要的结果。

2. The first 20 hours-how to learn anything(TED)

The core idea is that, with a bit of strategy, you can learn just about any skills to asufficientlevel with around 20 hours (and often less) of concentrated, focused effort.

§ Do not depend on willpower to get yourself to practice; be strategic about it, e.g., by eliminating distractions.

§ To learn a skill:

1. Deconstructit into the smallest possible subskills.

2. Learnenough about each subskill to be able to practice effectively and self-correct.

3. Removeany physical, mental, or emotional barriers that get in the way of practice.

4. Practicethe most important subskills for at least 20 hours.

我们往往会走向两个极端,一方面对自己擅长的,以为坚持做日常的一万个小时会取得成效;另一方面,对新鲜想学的领域又很畏惧,被一万这个数字吓到。二十小时理论恰巧给我打开另外一个思路,学习任何新鲜的知识只需要专注学习20个小时。它当然需要你认真研究,排除干扰,分解任务,但是20小时给我带来太多希望。

不管是哪个理论,都提到distraction的危害以及focus的重要性,看来,学习的效率不在于花了多长时间,而是你的专注力能持续多长时间。

3. The adult learning theory

Malcolm Knowles’ 4 Principles Of Andragogy

In 1984,Knowlessuggested4 principlesthat are applied to adult learning:

1) Adults need to be involved in the planning and evaluation of their instruction.

2) Experience (including mistakes) provides the basis for the learning activities.

3) Adults are most interested in learning subjects that have immediate relevance and impact to their job or personal life.

4) Adult learning is problem-centered rather than content-oriented. (Kearsley, 2010)

我在实际经验的累积过程中,不断摸索,总结了一些我自以为有用的tips,谁想,1984年人家已经研究出来了,并且比我的不知道高档到哪里去。

当然,如果我们毫无经验去看一些书,未必能够体会明白书的精髓,但是,在经验积累的过程中,不断有疑问,自我分析解答后再去寻找专业书籍的帮助,必然会事半功倍。

比如这个成年人学习理论,经验或者犯过的错误是了解成人培训,并且做好的基础。如果学习效果能够给自己的工作或生活带来直接的影响,成人会更有兴趣学习。成人学习更倾向于以解决问题为中心而非内容传递为目标。

4. Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development

这本书的亮点,我认为在于每个章节后面的后续练习题,书里面提供方法和方法论,但是认识自我和提高自我,靠的还是自己。这本书提供了练习的方法,帮助读者内化,进而提高能力,我觉得是特别实际有效的。

我将要写下和分析的有:

天赋盘点

天赋行动方案

问题澄清清单

结构库… …

总之,赠送进阶笔记小册子的每一条都值得去做练习,自我反思。自我提升类的书,往往都是鸡汤,活到30虽然很多地方还没活明白,但是已经懂得有些鸡汤没营养,更甚者对于30的我而言有毒,而这本书给了我工具和方法,全看怎么自己使用了。

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