I’m thrilled when reading this book, totally devoting to the life of theUtopians, and thinking how wonderful it would be if such civilization exists. But after my reading, I went to read some reviews ofUtopia, and there it was said that such world could never exist, it is unachievable. Though I shouldn’t easily to believe that the society described inUtopiais impracticable just because someone said so, someone who isn’t even an expert, still I’m disappointed by these views. However, no matter this political system can really work or not I should always make a summary of it to see what I can learn from it.
Utopia is a communist society, in which everything belongs to the public. Such system ensues form the mistrust of the nature of humanity that with the existence of “private property”, men will only be greedier, longing for the money more than one needs. So, in the Utopia system, such thing as private property has been abandoned, and everything belongs to the public. And, such system eliminates poverty, for everyone gets the allocation belongs to him, and if there’s some surplus, he can have even more. But in Utopia, nobody wants more, for nothing is truly belongs to him. A political system can truly direct the humanity indeed.
I will not say much about the administration in Utopia, for I barely know anything in this field. Here, I’ll simply make an introduction of it.
So, every 30 to 50 men (I forgot the detail) lives in a house and are counted as a household, and every 30 household will name a person to be staward (?), who in charge of that region’s affairs. Then, on the top of the political hierarchy is the mayor. All candidates are elected unanimously.
Everyone in Utopia must work. I can almost see the author’s indignant face reading contents concerning this topic. Inspired by the social inequality, I guess, the author described this system that everyone has a practical job, which includes farming, building houses, such jobs that produce practical value to the society. The author designs this system from the reality that too many rich people hold their lands, not doing any actual working, earning money because they owe it, and those who work days and nights, work their hearts off, work their lives out, only get such a small amount of subsistence, that one single illness can destroy them. Such a pity, such a shame, such an inequality, such an inequity. Ay. The slogans of liberty and equality in the western world, now, it seems, are merely fineries that varnish the ugly face of capitalism. To eliminate poverty, it must start from the revolution of political system itself. Because everyone has to work, it provokes the productivity greatly (I actually doubt this part), so the time needed to spend in production reduced greatly. Utopians works 6 hours every day (?), starting late, finishing early, leaving them many times to do whatever they like ( as long as it doesn’t do harms to the society).
The majority of Utopia does undemanding jobs, so usually Utopians are educated until elementary school, and when they finished it, most of them will be assigned to work, allowing only a very small portion of students who are extremely intelligent to have further education. Yes, you gain something, you lose something. To achieve equality in labor, those idle stuff must be eliminated, which means gone with unproductive landowner, unproductive schooler, leaving only the necessary number of schooler that keeps a nation wise. Nonetheless, although large proportion of Utopian stop their official education at a very early age, Utopians use their leisure time to study, to be educated in philosophy, etc. This is obviously an idealistic situation, but I really doubt if it can be achieved in reality.
And there’re differences in marriage related issues, but I almost forgot it all.
All and all, Utopian is beautiful but it’s too good to be true. I think in building a world like this, the author had been keeping in mind the deeply distrust in humanity, and to direct it, to defeat the malice in humanity, the author frequently used this method of controlling the public idea: to despise gold and silver, to underestimate idleness, etc. This book highlights the importance of a wise political system, which I never realized before. I guess I’m the typical type of young and stupid.Very insightful. Loooove it.
PS: The pressure of grades really can push people to do better..... There are only 700+ words in this essay and I already feel like "OK, I'm done here.", which will never happen if my essay it to be graded....