British East India Company began its activities in 1600, and Qing empire restored rule over the scattered wargi Dzang the same century. Bhutan, Sikkim and the Hindu state Nepal were vessal states of wargi Dzang, the land later translated into Chinese as Tibet. The British was victorious in the colonial game against European rivals, and seized Tibet into its sphere of influence after capture of Lhasa in 1904. When the UK officials and military withdrew from the East after WWII, India was quick to fill in the vacuum they left. After the annexation of Sikkim and decisive victories over Pakistan, India would finally establish its dominance in the Indian subcontinent through a few decades of efforts.
Then came the liberation. Dalai rebelled and was defeated in 1959, and Land Reform started in Tibet the same year, which, despite of adoption of Lenin’s dangerous ethnicity policy, brought about doom of reactionary factions. Fear and ambition of India were stimulated and eventually drove the republic only just granted independence into a disastrous war.
Indian forces were easily crashed in 1962, and the whole Tibet hailed the liberation of South Tibet. Yet having succeeded Qing’s weak and the old Republic’s void control over Tibet, and influenced by the ideas of internationalism and world revolution, leaders of the People’s Republic were content about a victory and ordered to withdraw. Greater patience of Nehru could have avoided the war at all, and now the incomplete victory with Tawang lost again would certainly foreshadow future crisis for China.
As would have been expected, India restore forward policy shortly after. Through decades, it managed to erode to and beyond McMahon Line, despite the heavy burden of corruption, underdevelopment and hostile natural environment. Indeed, corruption and others were never monopolised by one nation, and expansion never come for free. Sovereignty, and dignity of a great power, which is much more important, sometimes carry significance hard to measure in monetary terms. Distorted guard of treasure means lack of guard of territory, and loss of confidence, and a cursed fate of nation.
It is 2017 AD. Donglang area neighbours Bhutan, and concerns India in no way whatsoever, and was invaded by Indian forces this June nevertheless. The leader would “visit” Hong Kong, and 16 should suspend its training missions to “visit” along, admitting Hong Kong PRs to board and visit, and we could only see praise on the Internet, whereas the invaded Donglong was forbidden from mentioning. Only after Indian media started attacking a “Chinese invasion” did our people know, and knowing is about all they were allowed.
The strange feature of our contemporary armed forces is the fond of the “confidence and resolute” slogan in peaceful times, and unbelievable prudence in crisis; the strange feature of our citizens is to defend rights of tax-payers against defeated corruption and conspiracy, yet question any questioning against ongoing bureaucracy and incompetence. Perhaps it is not prudence; perhaps it is only crimes taking place. Otherwise, how dare they prudent allow such poorly armed soldiers as we saw to stand in the first line?
Sensitive, unenlightened, and reluctant to facing their deep wound, were also those who spoke uncivilly about this book due to the fabricated “Shuangyashan” title. They too share a common interest, not as citizens of People’s Republic of China, but as Cantonese speakers; they too assume a superiority, not as descendants of Chinese men, but as graduates from Sun Yat-sen University; and their diction speaks itself that they too are poorly educated and easily agitated. What a coincidence we saw some anti-homosexual regulation and some derisible internal squabble created by Gou Zhongwen right in this early summer, and how unsurprising did we find another wave of anti-China propaganda from BBC and some Hong Kong residents. How familiar are those witty responses, when South Tibet is even mentioned in a context, “don’t talk war, fight one yourself.” Do they really care not about their own territory? Either way, they can stop a real patriot from mentioning this fallen land ever again. I pray to quote this crude record of a great adventure under such circumstances, to keep those patriots from dying too quickly.
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