科马克•麦卡锡荣获美国笔会/索尔•贝娄奖

大炎
2009-05-14 看过
75岁的老作家科马克·麦卡锡(Cormac McCarthy)5月4日获得了美国笔会(PEN)颁发的终身成就奖——第二届笔会/索尔·贝娄奖,并获奖金25000美元(约合人民币17万元)。

该奖以已故美国大作家、1976年诺贝尔文学奖得主索尔·贝娄命名,每两年颁发一次,2007年的首届贝娄奖颁给了美国大作家菲利普·罗斯。


参考下外国媒体的报道吧
英国《卫报》图书频道消息
http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/may/07/cormac-mccarthy-lifetime-achievement-pen

Cormac McCarthy wins lifetime achievement award
科马克·麦卡锡获得终身成就奖

Author of The Road and All The Pretty Horses honoured with the PEN/Saul Bellow award for a career 'in the highest rank of American literature'
《路》和《天下骏马》的作者因“最顶级的美国文学”创作生涯而荣膺美国笔会/索尔·贝娄奖

Alison Flood
guardian.co.uk, Thursday 7 May 2009 11.53 BST


Cormac McCarthy, author of The Road and All the Pretty Horses, has won a lifetime achievement award from writers' organisation PEN.
科马克·麦卡锡,《路》和《天下骏马》的作者,已获得美国笔会授予的终身成就奖。


美国笔会/索尔•贝娄奖系笔会与贝娄遗产基金联合设立,奖金额25,000美元(折合16,500英镑),每次颁发给一位美国小说作家,条件是其作品“具有卓越、雄心以及持久创作成就的品质,使得作家屹立于美国文学之巅峰”。贝娄本人即是麦卡锡作品的拥趸;1981年,麦卡锡获得麦克阿瑟 “英才”奖金时,这位诺贝尔奖获得者便是该奖评委会成员,他称赞麦卡锡“运用语言绝对自如,文字振奋人心,寓意关乎人类存亡”。

笔会奖每两年颁发一次,2007年首度授予菲利普•罗斯,而罗斯今年则是笔会奖评委会的评委,他与其他评委选举麦卡锡为本年度获奖者。贝娄也曾是罗斯作品的早批粉丝,1959年后者的首部作品《再见,哥伦布》出版时,他即断定该书作者“技巧纯熟,智慧风趣,精神积极,下笔老道”。“不似我辈中面对世事抹眼泪者那般盲目无助且软弱无力,罗斯先生可是全副武装上阵,一口唾沫一个坑。”贝娄当时说道。“《再见,哥伦布》虽是这位小伙子的第一部作品,但此作早已脱离幼稚粗糙的行列。”

麦卡锡因《路》和《天下骏马》而分获普利策奖与国家图书奖,他曾被视为“美国第一无名小说家”。尽管评论界对他广加尊崇,然而其小说——《果园看门人》、《外面没有光》、《血色子午线》——仅仅售出数千册而已,此种境况延续到1992年麦卡锡出版自己“边境三部曲”之发轫作品《天下骏马》。

然而,并非一切都令人满意,迅速窜红很可能已然搅扰了作家那种独来独往的个性生活——2007年,他少见地答应参加奥普拉•温弗里的访谈节目,其间对方问麦卡锡是否在乎有几百万人正在读他的书,作家如是回应,“说真格的,我得说我还真不在乎,他们爱干嘛干嘛”,老头子还说,“理解这书的人来读,你会感到欣慰;现在倒好,那么些子人只是翻翻罢了,这又有个啥?”

上周,美国笔会也给E. L. 多克托罗——《但以理书》与 《拉格泰姆时代》的作者,兼多种文学奖项的大赢家——颁发了笔会/ Borders文学贡献奖,该奖此前曾授予高尔•维达和托尼•莫里森,笔会声称,如是旨在褒奖“某位著名美国作家,而其杰作独创而有力地引导读者体会到人类的处境”。


The $25,000 (£16,500) PEN/Saul Bellow award, established in conjunction with the estate of Bellow, goes to an American fiction writer whose work "possesses qualities of excellence, ambition, and scale of achievement over a sustained career which place him or her in the highest rank of American literature". Bellow himself was a champion of McCarthy's work: in 1981 the Nobel laureate was part of the panel which awarded McCarthy the MacArthur "genius" grant, praising his "absolutely overpowering use of language, his life-giving and death-dealing sentences".

The biennial PEN prize was first awarded to Philip Roth in 2007, and Roth sat on the panel of judges who selected McCarthy as this year's winner. Bellow was also an early fan of Roth's work, heralding his 1959 debut Goodbye Columbus as the work of an author who was "skilled, witty, energetic and performs like a virtuoso". "Unlike those of us who come howling into the world, blind and bare, Mr Roth appears with nails, hair, teeth, speaking coherently," Bellow said at the time. "Goodbye, Columbus is a first book but it is not the book of a beginner."

Winner of a Pulitzer for The Road and a National Book Award for All the Pretty Horses, McCarthy was once described as "the best unknown novelist in America". Widely respected by critics, his novels – The Orchard Keeper, Outer Dark, Blood Meridian – would sell only a couple of thousand copies, until he published 1992's All the Pretty Horses, the first volume in his Border trilogy, and it hit the bestseller lists.

Not, however, that this is likely to have bothered the notoriously reclusive author – granting a rare interview to Oprah Winfrey in 2007, he told her that "in all honesty I have to say I really don't, I just don't", in response to her questioning about if he cared that millions of people were now reading his books. "You would like for the people that would appreciate the book to read it, but as far as many, many people reading it, so what?" he said.

Last week PEN also presented EL Doctorow, author of The Book of Daniel and Ragtime and recipient of a host of literary prizes, with the PEN/Borders literary service award, previously given to Gore Vidal and Toni Morrison. The award is intended to honour "a distinguished American writer whose critically acclaimed work helps readers understand the human condition in original and powerful ways", said PEN.

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