解读欧陆哲学 8.1分
读书笔记 the gap between knowledge and wisdom
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Critchley的核心态度是avoid sectarianism, 主张回到problem of 'the two cultures'- scientific explanation vs. humanistic interpretation; empirical-scientific-Benthamite-Carnapian vs. hermeneutic-romantic-Coleridgean-Heideggerian, 避免走scientism和obscurantism两个极端,从文化病理学 (cultural pathology) 角度理解 the two cultures problem, 关注历史但不要人物崇拜,专注解决遗留的哲学问题,如gap between knowledge and wisdom.

他具体identify的问题是the problem of philosophical modernity:

Thus, to put it rather grandly, the problem of philosophical modernity, as presented so far, is how to confront the problem of nihilism after one has seen how the values of Enlightenment not only fail to get a grip on everyday life, but lead instead to its progressive dissolution. (86)
引自 the gap between knowledge and wisdom

他给的diagnosis & solution是 avoid the error of believing that we can resolve through causal or causal-sounding explanation what demands phenomenological clarification.

我们生活的世界不是一个价值中立的所谓科学客观的世界,而是一个被我们认知、伦理、审美价值所塑造并过滤的世界。对我们这些熟稔科学理论态度的人而言,一种前理论的生活经验 (pre-theoretical level of human experience) 并非唾手可得,现象学由此进入视野,引导我们重新认识看待世界 (relearn the world in all its palpable and practical presence). 而哲学的自我定位是production of crisis. 与Susan Neiman在Why grow up?里的提议相似:“...哲学对真正的问题给出的解决方法,首先是揭示我们在多大程度上忽略了这个问题。”

我的理解是哲学的角色=助人成为一个self-reflective critical thinker. 这门学科的硬核技能是分析文本,学习提问和发现问题(拥有problem-oriented mindset, 可以感性,但是能够敏锐地发觉某感受背后成因及其指向的问题 a.k.a. 智商情商都很重要)以及思路清晰地进行阐述与辩论。

怎样才是思路清晰,理论服务生活里的现象而不是理论服务理论?维特根斯坦可给人一些启示:

...if the early Wittgenstein was held captive by a picture of language reducible to logic that enabled one to say what could be said while passing over the remainder in silence, then the later Wittgenstein sought to escape this picture by analysing ordinarily language usage. (108)
引自 the gap between knowledge and wisdom

哲学作为一门基础学科极好,但它本身不能直接解决career struggle等现实困境。往往人焦虑的是人际关系和赚钱等问题,而哲学照顾到的是思维方式。急功近利终无益。假如大多数人都是self-reflective critical thinker, 世界也许会更美好,人际焦虑会少一些,但大多数人不是也没有机会接受良好教育,与此同时坐高位者意图维持影响力与利益,“民主”摇摇欲坠。但这些作为话语都很抽象。在一个人的生活中,哲学可以助人走多远还是看一个人的consistent self awareness / reflection和自律。

最后,关于哲学是什么,引用Simon Critchley原话:

Philosophy must be clearly argued conceptual creation in critical relation to given traditions of thinking, and not a melancholic mourning for missed opportunities or a mere technique for sharpening one's common sense.
引自 the gap between knowledge and wisdom

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