Sapiens 9.0分
读书笔记 The Flood
Nutcracker
The First Wave Extinction, which accompanied the spread of the foragers, was followed by the Second Wave Extinction, which accompanied the spread of the farmers, and gives us an important perspective on the Thrid Wave Extinction, which industrial activity is causing today. Don't beleive tree-huggers who claim that our ancestors lived in harmony with nature. Long before the Industrial Revolution, Homo sapiens held the record among all organisms fro driving the most plant and animal species to their extinctions. We have the dubious distinction of being the deadliest species in the annals of biology.
Perhaps if more people were aware of the First Wave and Second Wave extinctions, they'd be less nonchalant about the Third Wave they are part of. If we knew how many species we've already eradicated, we might be more motivated to protect those that still survive. This is expeicially relevant to the large animals of the oceans. Unlike their terrestiral counterparts, the large sea animals suffered relatively little from the Cognitive and Agricultural Revolutions. But many of them are on the brink of extinction now as a result of industrial pollution and human overuse of oceanic resources. If things continue at the present pace, it is likely that whales, sharks, tuna and dolphins will follow the diprotodons, ground sloths, and mammoths to oblivion. Among all the world's large creatures, the only survivors of the human flood will be humans themsleves, and the farmyard animals that serve as galley slaves in Noah's Ark.

This is expeicially relevant to the large animals of the oceans. Unlike their terrestiral counterparts, the large sea animals suffered relatively little from the Cognitive and Agricultural Revolutions. But many of them are on the brink of extinction now as a result of industrial pollution and human overuse of oceanic resources.

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