This section discussed the many neuroscientific studies on syntax processing. The data suggest that the basic syntactic computation of binding two elements into a phrase (called Merge) assumed by linguistic theory can be evidenced at the neurobiological level in a confined brain region, BA 44. Moreover, the studies indicate that the processing of syntactically complex sentences involves the superior part of BA 44 and the posterior superior temporal gyrus/superior temporal sulcus. The left temporo-parietal cortex comes into play whenever working memory is required during sentence processing. These areas work together to achieve the comprehension of complex sentences.