Language in Our Brain 评价人数不足
读书笔记 Foreword

Friederici’s most striking conclusions concern specific regions of Broca’s area (BA 44 and BA 45) and the white matter dorsal fiber tract that connects BA 44 to the posterior temporal cortex. Friederici suggests that “This fiber tract could be seen as the missing link which has to evolve in order to make the full language capacity possible.” The conclusion is supported by evidence that this dorsal pathway is very weak in macaques and chimpanzees, and weak and poorly myelinated in newborns, but strong in adult humans with language mastery. Experiments reported here indicate further that the “Degree of myelination predicts behavior in processing syntactically complex non-canonical sentences” and that increasing strength of this pathway “correlates directly with the increasing ability to process complex syntactic structures.” A variety of experimental results suggest that “This fiber tract may thus be one of the reasons for the difference in the language ability in human adults compared to the prelinguistic infant and the monkey.” These structures, Friederici suggests, appear to “have evolved to subserve the human capacity to process syntax, which is at the core of the human language faculty.”

《Language in Our Brain》的全部笔记 42篇
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