读书笔记 The Tree of Knowledge
What, then, is so special about hour language? The most common answer is that our language is amazingly supple. A second theory agrees that our unique language evolved as a means of sharing information about the world. Our language evolved as a way of gossiping. Most likely, both the gossip theory and the there-is-a-lion-near-the-river theory are valid. Yet the truly unique feature of our language is its ability to transmit information about things that do not exist at all.
To summarize the relationship between biology and history after the Cognitive Revolution:
a. Biology sets the basic parameters for the behavior and capacities of Homo sapiens. The whole history takes place within the bounds of this biological arena.
b. Thanks to their ability to invent fiction, Sapiens create more and more complex games, which each generation develops and elaborates even further.
c. In order to understand how Sapiens behave, we must describe the historical evolution of their actions.