I'm not a literary person, I'm a physicist, so I'm going to give you the facts, only facts. Someone's eventually going to have to answer for Chernobyl. The time will come when they will have to answer for it, just like for 1937. It might be in 50 years, everyone might be old, they might be dead. They are criminals! We need to leave fact behind us. They will need them. On that date, April 26th, I was in Moscow time business. That's where I learned about the accident. I called Nikolai Slyunkov, the General Secretary of the Central Committee Belarussian Communist party, in Minsk. I called once, twice, three times, but they wouldn't connect me. I reached his assistant, he knew me well. "I'm calling from Moscow. Get me Slyunkov, I have information he needs to hear right away. Emergency information." I'm calling over a government line, but they are already blocking things. I soon as you start talking about the accident, the line goes dead. So they are listening, obviously! I hope it's clear who's listening----the appropriate agency. The government willing the government. And this is despite the fact that I'm calling the first Secretary of the Central Committee. And me? I'm the director of The Institute for nuclear energy and the Belarusian Academy of Science. Professor, member correspondence of the academy. But even I was blocked. It took me about 2 hours to finally reach Slyunkov. I tell him: "It's a serious accident. According to my calculations"----and I'd had a chance by then to talk with some people in Moscow and figure some things out----"the radioactive cloud is moving toward us, toward Belarus. We need to immediately perform an iodine prophylaxis of the population and evacuate everyone year the station. No man or animal should be within a hundred kilometers of the place." "I've already received reports," say Slyunkov. "There was a fire, but they've put it out." I can't hold it in. "That's Allied! It's a blatant lie! Any physicist it will tell you that graphite burns at something like 5 tons per hour. Think of how long it's going to burn!" I get on the first train to Minsk. I don't sleep the whole night there. In the morning I'm home. I measure my son's thyroid----that was the ideal dosimeter then----it's at a 180 micro-roentgen per hour. He needed potassium iodine. This was ordinary iodine. A child needed two to three drops in half a glass of solvent, an adult needed 3 to 4. The reactor burned for 10 days, and this should have been done for 10 days. But no one listened to us! No one listen to the scientists and the doctors. They pulled science and medicine into politics. Of course they did! We shouldn't forget the background to this, what we were like that, but we were like 10 years ago. The KGB was working, making secret searches. "Western voices" we're being shut out. There were a thousand taboos. Party and Military secrets. And in addition everyone was raised to think that the peaceful Soviet atom was a safe as peat or coal. We were people chained by fear and prejudices. We had the superstition of our faith.