英语魔法师之语法俱乐部 9.5分
读书笔记 动名词
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动状词(Verbals)分为四种:现在分词Ving,过去分词Ven,不定词to V,动名词Ving,动名词和现在分词拼法一样,但现在分词当形容词用,动名词当名词用。

一、动名词的特性

1)动名词与普通名词比较:

动名词有动作的意味,用来描述习惯,有持续性。Ex:I am not afraid of death, but I am scared of dying.

与不定词的区别在于,动名词和普通名次一样,可以加冠词,有所有格形式,有复数。

2)动名词与名词从句的比较

动名词短语一般可以还原为一个名词从句

Ex:I really enjoyed teaching English to school children at night. = I really enjoyed that I taught English to school at night.

二、动名词的变化

1)复合字

Ex:Picking strawberries... The picking of strawberries... Strawberry-picking...

2)主语不能省略时:用所有格形式

Ex:I don't like calling my girlfriend day after day. = I don't like John's calling my girlfriend day after day.

3)被动式:being Ven

Ex: That I was invited here is a great honor. = Being invited here is a great honor.

三、动名词与现在分词的分辨

That flying jacket looks smart on you. 这里的flying是动名词,分解之后为:That's a jacket for flying.

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