In the years following his imprisonment, Dostoevsky's enthusiasm for radical ideas waned. The emancipation of the serfs in 1861 did not usher in a new era of equality and general prosperity, as many on both the left and the right had hoped. As the gap widened between the rich and the poor, the post-emancipation period was a volatile time that witnessed the birth of revolutionary organizations that resorted to terrorism.
As a former revolutionary himself, Dostoevsky was sympathetic to the humanistic and progressive goals of the revolutionaries, but skeptical of their methods. In contrast to the revolutionaries, who were influenced by Western European thinkers (such as Karl Marx), Dostoevsky sought to imagine humanistic ideals such as social justice in a conservative, Russian idiom that embraced the Russian Orthodox faith https://www.shmoop.com/brothers-karamazov/