人文学的历史 7.6分
读书笔记 第61页
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However, it was Punarvasu Atreya (c.550 bce) who is known as the author of the first logicalrhetorical work, the Charaka-Samhita, which we will consider in 2.7 (Rhetoric).

按《佛教逻辑研究》中西书局P14印度现存最早的一部较详细论述逻辑的著作是《遮罗迦本集》。这是迦腻色迦王时代(大约公元129-192年在位)一位名叫遮罗迦的御医写的医道论集,是一部医书,并非论辩术和逻辑的专著。在这本内科医书的第三篇第八章中介绍了当时通行的论争方法和规则,其中包含了逻辑学说,作为医师应具备的知识和素养,共有44个项目。这44个项目以第一项“论议”为总题目,内容主要是辩论术。还有哲学,44项中就有认识的六个来源(现量、比量、传承量、譬喻量、义准量、随生量)。遮罗迦以胜论派的本体论六句义(实、德、业、同、异、和合)作为认识的对象,原封不动地照搬了胜论的哲学体系。

再按,wiki

The Charaka Samhita states that the content of the book was first taught by Atreya, and then subsequently codified by Agniveśa, revised by Charaka, and the manuscripts that survive into the modern era are based on one edited by Dridhabala.Dridhabala stated in the Charaka Samhita that he had to write one third of the book all by himself because this portion of the book had been lost, and that he also re-wrote the last part of the book.

Based on textual analysis, and the literal meaning of the Sanskrit word charak, Chattopadhyay speculated that charak does not refer to one person but multiple people.Vishwakarma and Goswami state that the text exists in many versions and entire chapters are missing in some versions.

很显然,把Charaka Samhita当成逻辑学修辞学著作是不严谨的。

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