The Qing Opening to the Ocean 7.2分
读书笔记 Introduction


I have not overlooked materials in Western languages, without which it is difficult to grasp the number and size of vessels coming and going from East Asian ports. But, in my opinion, they are not very useful for examining the Chinese response to early globalization. Why? First of all, all those materials were produced by either merchants or commercial officials, who cared only about profit and wrote about little else. Second, those merchants remained only very briefly in the coastal ports: they had neither the time nor inclination to investigate Chinese maritime regulations. Third, the records left by those Western merchants often treated what they saw as the whole of Chinese maritime policy, which they characterized in highly tendentious terms. Though the Jesuits serving the Qing court left voluminous commentaries on the country, they failed to say much about maritime policy.
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