The History of Western Philosophy 9.3分
读书笔记 LOCKE'S POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY
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It is curious that the rejection of the hereditary principle in politics had almost no effect in the economic sphere in democratic countries. (In totalitarian states, economic power has been absorbed by political power.) We still think it natural that a man should leave his property to his children; that is to say, we accept the hereditary principle as regards economic power while rejecting it as regards political power. Political dynasties have disappeared, but economic dynasties survive. I am not at the moment arguing either for or agasint this different treatment of the two forms of power; I am merely pointing out that it exists, and that most men are unconscious of it. When you consider how natural it seems to us that the power over the lives of others resulting from great wealth should be hereditary, you will understand better how men like SIr Robert Filmer could take the same view as regards the power of kings, and how important was the innovation represented by men who thought as Locke did.
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