耶鲁大学公开课:死亡 7.9分
读书笔记 death - mind-opening experience
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This class is on death. Shelly Kagan

But it is a philosophy class, (sitting here thinking about what we can know or make sense of, with regard to death, using our reasoning capacity) and what that means is that the set of topics that we're going to be talking about are not identical. (psychological and sociological questions about the nature of death, or the phenomenon of death, the process of dying and coming to reconcile yourself with the fact that you're going to die, the funeral industry sociological attitudes that we have towards the dying in our culture and how we tend to try to keep the dying hidden from the rest of us) Every single thing that we discuss here could be pursued at greater depth. Don't come away thinking that what ever it is that we've talked about here is the last word on the subject. 'He could work through arguments right in front of us, which then helped me work through them on my own.'

Here's the set of common views. (is mistaken from begining to end) First of all, we have a soul, sth more than the physical, the spiritual, immaterial part of us. Whether or not you actually believe in a soul, you hope that there's a soul so that there'll be this serious possibility of surviving your death (immortality). Immortality would be wonderful. That's why death is so bad. It robs us of immortality. And if there's no immortality, this is such an overwhelming bad thing that the only, the obvious reaction, the natural reaction, the universe reaction, is to face the prospect of death with fear and despair.

The crucial thing is for you to think for yourself. And so what I'm really doing is inviting you to take a good, cold, hard look at death, and to face it and think about it in a way that most of us don't dare.

philosophy questions about the nature of death (metaphysics, value theory) 1. WHAT happens when we die ? Indeed to get to that question, first to think what are we? What kind of an entity is a person? In particular, do we have souls (immaterial, sth distinct from our bodies that might survive the death of our body)? And if not, what does that imply about the nature of death? What kind of an event is death? What is it for me(the nature of personal identity) to survive(continual existence) my death?

x death=i+survive

i=the nature of person=parts? (1). dualism:body+soul (immaterial) & interacton= pair \ bond, b1-bn ~ s1-sn?(plato), soul-featureF:animation of body, free will, etc. (2). physicalism/monolism:body, mind=one of body's functions

believe= a better job at explaning sth.

2. If death is the end, is death BAD ? How could anything be bad for something that doesn't exist? What is about death that's bad and how can it be death? If death is bad, then one might wonder would immortality be a good thing? How should the fact that I'm going to die affect the way I live? thinking the questions along with the lines of the rationality and morality of suicide.

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