modernity also refers to a repertoire of conceptual innovations revolving around universal ideals of progress, reason, freedom and democracy.
modernity names a set of concepts that have been independently developed in numerous cultures across the world, but which took on a particular resonance in Europe.
The conceptual ideals – such as freedom, democracy and secularism – are the source of both capitalist modernity and the struggles against it.
In broad terms, then, whether it is explicitly recognised or not, the political struggles of today are struggles within the space of modernity and its ideals. Modernity must be contested, not rejected.