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读书笔记 THE GOVRNOR (1530)
陸釣雪

παιδεία,εκστασιs

1530年,英国作为现代世界精神的绽放时刻,麦克法伦:现代世界made in England,此言稍过。英国文艺复兴元年。同时作为未来共和制度第一原型且又向帝国的维度发展,1530-1533、34,帝国主义共和话语或共和主义帝国话语。The author of modern politic。

1516年托马斯·莫尔的Utopia,golden books,直继奥古斯丁《上帝之城》,遥祧柏拉图《理想国》,一直勾连到后来的《共产党宣言》。人类历史上真正的大的mythos,story,fable,allegory。拉丁文撰写,de optimo statu rei publicae。re publica,共和国。现代意义上的国家,state,18C的产物。ου + τοποs,ευ。维柯:poetic geography。Public Wea(e)。Common good,上溯柏拉图,公社时代,κοιγωγια。Burnet。Starky。Publiche。五位Thomas。Common wealth。莎翁《理查二世》、《凯撒》、《暴风雨》。

六个时代五种民族的入侵。帝国:最高政治实体。1588击败无敌舰队。1600成立东印度公司。

seamy,Castiglione《论庭臣》,甘少夫(Ganshof)的封建,欧洲文革爆发前。

诗人四人,第五位Martial,Massalia,但丁的是Lucanus。

Book I, Chapter X

[Homer]

fountain: αρχή, source, primary, will to power

imcomparable wisdoms and instructions for politic goverance of people,荷马第一人

后现代——后浪漫主义时代,现代精神改写“诗人”——不同、差异、堕落的“诗”,pure poetry

Aristotle and Alexander的美好因缘,Plutarch,学园:师生的生活共同体、生活世界,philia

Iliados

Odyssea

Therefore I now conclude that there is no lesson for a young gentlemen to be compared with Homer, if he be plainly and substantially expounded and declared by the master.

young gentlemen: 是否属于已经崩丧的封建传统?《封建主义》和布洛赫《封建社会》, παιδεία

[Vergil]

Aeneidos

and almost the same Homer in Latin

no one author serveth to so divers wits as doth Vergil

识字乃第一要义,章学诚:不识字别写诗,拉伯雷panurge,Παν,Ουργος

Bucolics

Εκλαγη,select,ecologae,田园牧歌

Georgics

γη,笠田,王晓明、李刚

that, reading therein, it seemeth to a man to be in a delectable garden or paradise

garden image:《吉尔伽美什》、《荷马史诗》老年Pi漂流记*3、《创世纪》第一个哲人蛇、七星诗社、Ben Jonson,自然状态

模仿者,ars et natura,维吉尔是人工派——巧夺天工,荷马是自然诗人,18C末,spontaneous poet,莎翁

Iopas and Demodocus

whose ditties and melody excelled as far the songs of our minstrels as Homer and Vergil excel all other poets.

Finally, as I have said, this noble Vergil, like to a good nurse, giveth to a child, if he will take it, everything apt for his wit and capacity; wherefore he is in the order of learning to be preferred before any other author Latin.

荷马的前导,可学,布鲁姆:歌德没有后继者,尼采:时代的继子,李白:逸兴遄飞、不可一世、很二、气势磅礴,杜甫可学:精雕细刻、惨淡经营,佳人再难得:谭鑫培

[Ovid and Horace]

凯撒

Metamorphoses

De Fastis

Fastus,节气

贺拉斯:中世纪被视为讽刺诗诗人

sententia: quickness of the wit,陆按:施莱格尔?witz

Augustus

[The effect of poetry]

Leonidas

Tyrtaeus

希罗多德《历史》,lira

stirring the minds of young men

鹿晗,virtus,manhood

Book I, Chapter XIII

[The wisdom of poets]

They that make verses, expressing thereby none other learning but the craft of versifying, be not of ancient writers named poets, but only called versifiers. For the name of a poet, whereat now, specially in this realm, men have such indignation that they use only poets and poetry in the contempt of eloquence, was in ancient time in high estimation, in so much that all wisdom was supposed to be therein included and poetry was the first philosophy that ever was known, whereby men from their childhood were brought to the reason how to live well...

poetry与verse的辩证,公元前5到4C,sophists和philosophers的辩证,庄子《大宗师》: 副墨之子、 洛诵之孙、瞻明、 聂许、需役、于讴、玄冥、 疑始。 李百药、文中子。

道德哲学。Holopernes

Plato and Aristotle

science mystical and inspired

vates

Tully

[The defense of poets]

profit,功用。politeia,συμφερον,common。

[Comedy]

... a picture or as it were a mirror of man's life, wherein evil is not taught but discovered

西塞罗,Donatus的总结。School Master,Of Imitation。 陶工憎恨陶工,织工憎恨织工,诗人憎恨诗人,歌手憎恨歌手。 Heywood。布朗神父的故事。防范于未然,锻炼年轻人的心性,而非诲淫诲盗。

Terence

Plautus

[Sentences in Ovid and Martial]

《爱经三书》,《爱的徒劳》,Holopernes。蒙田的断章取义,装单纯,打着红旗反红旗。“我反对柏拉图,反对删诗。”

I could recite a great number of semblable good sentences out of these and other wanton poets, who in the Latin do express them incomparably with more grace and delectation to the reader than our English tongue yet comprehend.

[Reading is not be consored]

一个都不能少。第二次花园隐喻。

钓雪按:Milton的药。

替罪羊-巫师-药。Webbe。J. S. Mill

Cantica Canticorum

no ancient poet would be excluded from the lesson of such a one as desireth to come to the perfection of wisdom.

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