1) working for what I wanted, not for what others wanted me to do;
2) coming up with the best independent opinions I could muster to move toward my goals;
3) stress- testing my opinions by having the smartest people I could find challenge them so I could find out where I was wrong;
4) being wary about overconfidence, and good at not knowing;
and 5) wrestling with reality, experiencing the results of my decisions, and reflecting on what I did to produce them so that I could improve.